The changing face of African Pentecostalism: Processes and consequences of the movement´s development in South Africa

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Master's thesis
Title The changing face of African Pentecostalism: Processes and consequences of the movement´s development in South Africa
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2022
In the literature study "The changing face of African Pentecostalism - Processes and consequences of the movement's development in South Africa" four main questions are investigated: What does the Neo-Pentecostal movement look like in South Africa today? How has it grown? Why is it so successful? And what social consequences does it have? By adopting an international, regional, and local perspective based on the literature, the image and its historical origins, early development in South Africa, and contemporary forms are sketched. The strong development of the movement in South Africa is clear but should not be seen as a new phenomenon as it was already from the start more than a hundred years
ago, in a church historical perspective, considered a phenomenon. The development and change that is taking place in South Africa today can not only be seen as strongly influenced by Western missionaries and evangelists as such an interpretation overlooks the phenomenon of the movement's local and regional renewal. The literature states that a century after the movement came to the country, it is changing at the same time as it is possible to identify different waves of change in the movement. The study shows that the movement has ridden the wave of a genuine African spirituality and uses its experiences and knowledge of the Holy Spirit and its manifestations in an effective way, especially as many Africans' pursuit of the spiritual is still strong. The literature indicates that the movement is attractive and has a strong impact on many Africans' hopes for the future and creates future visions for the nation and society, while providing guidelines for organizing and governing society and ideas
about the fate of the nation. It is obvious that this type of religion creates the basis for hopes, dreams, beliefs, expectations, and visions for the future. The two distinctive features that have characterized the revival movement since its inception 1906 on Azuza Street, evangelization and, social work have proven to be sustainable and have become significant to the movement, also in Africa. The study also shows that the movement's opportunities to use different social media, radio, and TV to evangelize have created new opportunities and radically changed the understanding of how religion is experienced, lived and expressed in South Africa while this has changed and created a new religious commitment and interaction. Surveys and research show how social media has become a new benchmark for creating and making contact between the individual and the emerging church, while at the same time these have meant that new companies have been started that create opportunities for work and income. The study also shows that the Pentecostal movement is a clear sign and proof of the African continent's active participation in religious globalization and that it is a strong influencing factor in the development of Christianity and its growth both locally and globally.

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