How does local economic inequality a?ect the preferences and behaviors of the poor? We present a placebo-controlled ?eld experiment conducted in Soweto, South Africa, that randomly varies exposure to inequality in low socio-economic settings. We ?nd that willingness to sign a petition that calls for higher taxes on the wealthy increases in the presence of a high-status car. To probe the generality of the experimental ?nding, we combine a representative geo-referenced survey with neighborhood-level censusderived measures of local inequality, a proxy for direct encounters with tangible reminders of economic inequality. Observationally, exposure to inequality among the poor is associated with an increase in support for taxing the wealthy.