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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Economic Development and Cultural Change
Title Wage premiums for education and location of South African workers, by gender and race
Volume 48
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2000
Page numbers 307-334
Despite the fact that the quality of education for Africans in South Africa was lower than that for whites, in 1993 the percentage wage gains associated with additional years of primary, secondary, and higher education were substantially higher for Africans than for whites. These rates increased at higher levels of education for both race groups. The lower quantity (or political quotas) of education received by Africans than by whites is a simple explanation for the wage structure documented in this article. The other two racial groups, colored (mixed races) and Indians, occupy intermediate positions between whites and Africans in terms of both the quantity of education received and wage returns to those levels
of education. As barriers to employment by race are dismantled in South Africa, wage differences between races are likely to diminish, while wage differences within race groups may well widen. Quantitative expansion of educational opportunities for nonwhites at the secondary and higher education levels seems to be overdue.

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