This study, through an exploratory, but promising methodology, provides a tentative analysis of the relationship between HIV, poverty and labour markets. This was undertaken through the use of the October Household Survey of 1999 and the Antenatal Clinic Survey of 1998. It is clear from the paper that the relationship between poverty, labour markets and HIV is not homogeneous but multi-dimensional in character. The analysis examines these interrelationships at both the household and individual level. The preliminary key finding from the analysis is that imputed HIV positive women come from poorer households than imputed negative women, but this observed difference is small. It is suggested that the analysis be repeated using larger samples of data, such as that now available from Census 2001.