Food insecurity is high in Stellenbosch, despite a strong agricultural context. While the causes are complex, it is clear that the situation will be worsened by the effects of climate change and the end of cheap oil on the unstable global food system. This research compiled existing statistical information to present an overview of the current status of food production, distribution and consumption in Stellenbosch to determine key vulnerabilities and opportunities to strengthen resilience. The region produces predominantly wine grapes and fruit for export, while relying on imported produce for consumption. Key vulnerabilities of the food system were identified as: focus on wine production for export, dominance of large-scale commercial agriculture, proliferation of conventional farming methods, long value chains, dominance of national retailers, food insecurity and poor nutrition. Suggestions are made for increasing the localisation of the food system to address inequities and increase resilience to the polycrisis.