The data was collected by the Project “Co-producing urban knowledge in Angola and Mozambique through community-led data collection: towards meeting SDG 11” based in the African Centre for Cities, at the University of Cape Town. The Project aimed to collect data on cities in the two Lusophone African countries to inform their national governments' attempts to achieve Sustainable Development Goals related to cities. The Project collected data from 1282 households in six neighbourhoods in the cities of Maputo and Luanda. Interviews and focus groups were also held in each of the neighbourhoods before (in the case of Maputo) and after (in the case of Luanda) the completion of the survey to collect qualitative data about the settlements. The survey findings were presented and discussed with local administrations and survey participants to triangulate and validate the results. The findings were then made available to national governments and other relevant stakeholders.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
Version 1: Edited, anonymised data.
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The survey collected data on households' knowledge of the SDGs, and demographic data (age, gender, marital status, disability status, education, employment, income, home language) as well as data on place of birth, number of children and internal migration. Data was also collected on housing and tenancy, energy sources, water sources, waste disposal, asset ownership, media use, transport, leisure, hygiene and the environment, as well as community and political participation.
The data was collected from settlements within each city. In Luanda these settlements were: Km 12A in the district of Viana (n=310), Nova Urbaniza 2 in Panguila (n=148), and Cariango in Cazenga (n=224). In Maputo these were Luis Cabral (n=200), Hulene B (n=200) and Chamanculo C (n=200). These together represent a total of 1282 households.
The data is made available at the level of settlements within each city.
Producers and sponsors
African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town
Development Workshop Angola
LIRA 2030 Africa Programme
International Science Council
Network of African Science Academies
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
In both cities, three self-built settlements were selected for the surveys. These settlement types are home to the majority of, mostly low income, urban dwellers in both cities, as opposed to wealthier households who live in planned and formally laid-out houses and apartment buildings
Self-built settlements vary by location. built environment, and levels of access to basic services. The research sample was stratified to reflect this variation through the selection of three settlements with similar typologies in each city: an old settlement from colonial times, a more recently built or expanded settlement, and a settlement that had undergone urban upgrading.
Few participants declined to be interviewed. The enumerators would record the number of households they attempted to interview before completing a questionnaire (on average one house in Luanda and less than one In Maputo), but the data does not distinguish between refusal to participate or no one being at home.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Ethics approval for data collection was given on 7 September 2018 by the Ethics in Research (EiR) Department of the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Cape Town
Data Collection Notes
Surveys were conducted in Luanda in September and October 2018. In Maputo the surveys were conducted in June and July 2019. Stakeholder engagement was from August 2018 (Luanda) until November 2019 (Maputo).
A standardised questionnaire was used to collect data from both cities. However, further questions were asked in Luanda. But only the data from the harmonised questions is provided in this dataset.
University of Cape Town
Public use files, available to all
Croese, Sylvia. Sustainable Cities Survey 2018, Luanda [dataset]. Version 1. Cape Town: African Centre for Cities [producer]. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/ed1q-2q89