The Consuming Urban Poverty (CUP) project - based at the University of Cape Town’s African Centre for Cities - sought to generate an understanding of the connections between poverty, governance, urban space, and food. CUP research focused on secondary cities in three countries: Kisumu, Kenya; Kitwe, Zambia; and Epworth, Zimbabwe.The research included three quantitative surveys: A retail mapping exercise, a food vendor and retailer survey, and a household survey. Over 2,200 households and 1,200 food retailers were interviewed (between April 2016 and February 2017) in the three secondary cities. In addition, nearly 4,500 traders were mapped as part of a retailer census in these cities. The surveys examined the nature of the urban food system and the experience of food poverty. Qualitative in-depth interviews were also carried out in households across the three cities. A qualitative reverse value chain assessment was also undertaken, which traced five key food items (aligned to the food groups of protein, staple, vegetable, traditional food item and snack food) from the point of consumption to origin (or a point where no further information was available) in each city.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1: Edited, anonymised dataset for public distribution.
Version 1 of the dataset contains anonymised versions of the original data files which were deposited with DataFirst on 20190624. This version will be replaced by a version 1.2 after more extensive data cleaning.
The survey covered Kisumu, Kenya; Kitwe, Zambia; and Epworth, outside Harare, Zimbabwe
The lowest level of geographic aggregration covered by the data is city. The restricted-access data available in DataFirst's Secure Research Data Centre includes GPS coordinates for households and retailers.
The target population was households and retailers in the secondary cities under investigation.
Producers and sponsors
Consuming Urban Poverty Project, African Centre for Cities
University of Cape Town
ESRC-DFIC Joint Fund for Poverty Alleviation Research
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Two questionnaires were used in the survey, one for retailers and one for households. A retailer mapping questionnaire was used in the mapping of a census of retailers in the survey cities.