Migration and Settlement in the Cape Metropolitan Area 1998
Household Survey [hh]
The survey was undertaken in 1998 by the Sociology Department of the University of Stellenbosch and the Cape Metropolitan Council (CMC) to support spatial development within the Cape Metropolitan Area (CMA). At the time, Cape Town faced considerable challenges affecting the outcome of its urban undertaking. These challenges centred on (1) outside migration and its impact on the local economy, delivery needs and the spatial structure of the city; and (2) internal population movements, especially those associated with the informally housed population and the more settled poor. These trends had potential outcomes which were difficult to predict accurately and could upset planning models which were being introduced. Housing delivery for the disadvantaged sectors of the CMA population was falling behind as informal occupation of land and informal housing continued to spread. Housing lists were not moving, and land invasions continued to take place. This study tried to address the uncertainty around inside and outside migration in relation to settlement, and to contribute to the refinement of the CMA's spatial planning and implementation initiative.
Kind of Data
Survey and Case Studies
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1.1: Edited, anonymised data for public distribution
Version 1 of this dataset provided to DataFirst was labled 1999, which is the production date of the dataset. As the naming standard for datasets is the reference date of the data (when the data was collected) the survey date has been corrected to 1998 in version 1.1.
The study investigates intra-Cape Metropolitan Area migration between settlement categories and between spatially defined zones. It attempts to identify the people moving most rapidly into the city and their needs and potential contributions. It also seeks to define the demographic increases in the population in the CMA, in relation to informal settlements and the effect on the housing market.
The survey covers the Cape Metropolitan Area (CMA) within the Western Cape Province of South Africa.
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is suburb.
The survey covered households in the Cape Metropolitan Area
Producers and sponsors
University of Stellenbosch Department of Sociology
Cape Metropolitan Council (CMC)
A sample survey of 1000 randomly- selected Cape Metropolitan Area residents was designed. First, a list of all enumerator areas falling within the CMA was obtained from Statistics South Africa. Second, the number of Cape Metropolitan enumerator areas falling within each magisterial district was counted and a stratified random sample of 25 settlement areas (using automatically- generated random number selection techniques) was selected. Third, detailed EA maps (showing residential units, streets names as well as public and other non-residential buildings) were obtained from Statistics South Africa for each of the 25 selected areas and 40 dwelling units were selected on a random spatial basis from each of these enumerator areas.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The data was gathered through an analysis of secondary sources (written and verbal). Qualitative information was collected from 25 locations in the study's focus area. Within each of these 25 areas, semi-structured interviews were completed with three residents on the migration histories of their families; a key informant was identified and interviewed regarding the recent history of the area, and a focus group discussion was organised in order to probe local issues relevant to migration into and out of the area. A questionnaire was used in a sample survey in the focus area, comprising 991 cases. Time series information on homesteads (dwelling units) was obtained from aerial photographs in a selected number of areas.
Cape Metropolitan Council, Department of Housing & University of Stellenbosch, Department of Sociology. Migration and Settlement in the Cape Metropolitan Area 1998 [dataset]. Version 1.1. Cape Town and Stellenbosch: Cape Metropolitan Council & University of Stellenbosch [producers], 1999. Cape Town: DataFirst[distributor], 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/1kwz-r544