The Data was collected by on the Data on Aliments, Tobacco and Alcohol in Africa Project which is based in the Research Unit on the Economics of Excisable Products at the University of Cape Town. The DATA project collects prices of cigarettes sold at retail outlets and from street vendors in a number of African countries. The aim is to create a retail cigarette price dataset to enable researchers to make estimations about price differences in these countries, between brands, in urban and rural settlements, and over time. The 2021 Round 10 data is embargoed until 1 April 2023 at the request of the REEP researchers.
Kind of Data
Unit of Analysis
v1.5: Edited, anonymised data for public distribution
Version 1.2: All previous rounds and data files of the ACP were harmonized and combined into a single data series. Version 1.2 covered rounds 1-7. Prior to version 1.2 rounds were released separately.
Version 1.3: Round 8 was added. This round was undertaken between June and August 2019.
Version 1.4: Round 9 was added. This round was undertaken between November 2019 and Febuary 2020.
Version 1.5: Round 10 was added.This round was undertaken in 2021
The study collected data on prices of cigarettes from retail outlets and street vendors in several African countries.
The countries included in the study are: Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Not all countries are covered in all rounds.
The data was collected at the level of retailer (often incliuding GPS coordinates of the retail outlet). However, the lowest level of geographic detail available in the public use dataset is Suburb.
The study covered cigarette prices of retailers (including street vendors) in selected African countries.
Producers and sponsors
Research Unit on the Economics of Excisable Products
University of Cape Town
International Development Research Centre
Dates of Data Collection
Rounds 1 to 10
Data Collection Mode
The Project received ethics approval for data collection from the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Commerce at the University of Cape Town on the 8th of October 2015.
Data Collection Notes
For this project, the Data on Alcohol and Tobacco in Africa (DATA) Project organised for University of Cape Town students from different African countries to visit retail outlets and street vendors in their countries, where cigarettes were sold, and obtained permission to take photographs of cigarette packages using their cellphones.
Fieldworkers working in the same areas were put in contact to avoid duplication of effort. As such, it is reasonable to assume that duplication was largely avoided and that a store being interviewed twice in one round occured quite rarely if at all. Students were somewhat self-governing in their choice of areas to visit and stores from which to gather data. How the student groups covering an area divided up that area has not been well documented. As such, there may be geographic bias, for example against poorer areas that are more difficult to interview. This also means that a given interviewer might repeat whatever bias/mistakes they tend to make over all the rounds (if they remained on the project) making any bias hard to detect. In some cases the same store (retailer/spaza shop/street vendor) was interviewed in more than one round of data collection.
Research Unit on the Economics of Excisable Products (formerly Economics of Tobacco Control Project)
Data collected by REEP was in excel format and not serialised. Datafirst has serialised and cleaned the data to create a research-ready series. Appending the rounds required harnomising variable names. The brand names (eg Marborough) and sub-brands (eg gold) required significant cleaning due to typos and errors in data collection. Some observations with bad values (around 20) were dropped from the final dataset.
University of Cape Town
Public access data for use under a Creative Commons CC-BY (Attribution-only) License
Research Unit on the Economics of Excisable Products. African Cigarette Prices 2016-2021 [dataset]. Version 1.5. Cape Town: REEP [producer], 2022. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/nvz2-ah77